Universal / Inclusive / Handi-capable Design

The concept of Universal Design is about a new quality relationship between a diversity of users (old and young, strong and weak etc.) and human-made physical environments/objects. Universal Design goes beyond the mere provision of special features for various segments of the population (women, children, the elderly, the disabled etc.) as it also emphasizes a creative and inclusive approach to make the mainstream built environment more sustainable and better for everyone.

Here are seven attributes of an inclusive design:

Equitable Use

The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.

Flexibility in Use

The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.

Simple and Intuitive Use

Use of the design is easy to understand regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills or current concentration level.

Perceptible Information

The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities.

Tolerance for Error

The design minimizes hazards and adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.

Low Physical Effort

The design can be used efficiently and comfortably, with a minimum of fatigue.

Size and Space for Approach and Use

Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulations and use, regardless of user's body size, posture or mobility.


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